Used by Permission. Scripture: Romans 11:17–22. BibliographyGill, John. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". If they became disobedient and unbelieving, then the same principle which led him to withdraw his mercy from the Jewish people would lead also to their rejection and exclusion. Stand Fast Through Faith. I have often performed this operation, and in this very way, with success: and I cannot conceive that the apostle could have chosen a more apt or more elegant metaphor. Second, to consider His goodness in conferring unmerited favor on the Gentiles, who had attained that righteousness after which they were not following. Paul said in Romans 7:22 For in my inner being I delight in God’s law. For, first, though this cannot happen to the elect, they have yet need of such warning, in order to subdue the pride of the flesh; which being really opposed to their salvation, ought justly to be terrified with the dread of perdition. Romans 11:22. He is severe toward those who disobeyed, but kind to you if you continue to trust in his kindness. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. To get what Romans 11:22 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. The obligation to remain in God"s favor is the responsibility of the individual. 2012. Continuing in goodness is not to be understood here to mean, our continuing in a state of integrity, according to Mr. Stuart. But with regard to the present passage, it is enough for us to know, that the vengeance which God had executed on the Jews, is pronounced on the Gentiles, in case they become like them. The dispersion of the Jews for this sixteen hundred years and upward is such, as that one of their own Rabbis concludeth from thence that their Messiah must needs be come; and they must needs suffer so much for killing him. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffe... Read verse in King James Version God Himself is not only the source of all those other goods, but the One to Whom they all point. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/romans-11.html. The word “goodness” properly denotes benignity or benevolence. 2 Corinthians 13:10. ἐὰν ἐπιμένῃς τῇ χρηστότητι: if you remain on in the goodness, i.e., continue to be indebted to it, and to it alone, for your religious position. The statement . 1909-1922. The antithesis, in the next verse, shows this to be the sense; for there he speaks of the Jews not continuing or abiding still in unbelief. rigor: -severity. This was the goodness of the heavenly gardener to them; but it was severity, αποτομια, an act of excision to the Jews. 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". This depends on their responses to God. Greek. With the close of this verse the apostle returns to his principal subject, the future of Israel. 22 What if God, desiring to show his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, 23 in order to make known the riches of his glory for vessels of mercy, which he has prepared beforehand for glory— 24 even us whom he has called, not from the Jews only but also from the Gentiles? 1870. return to 'Jump List'. Romans 11:22 NKJV Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you continue in His goodness. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. Unhappy is the believer for whom grace is no longer grace on the hundredth or the thousandth day, as it was on the first! This excludes presumption, and in general all such temper as is be trayed in taking an attitude of superiority to the Jews. 2) and Tischend.(ed. In its pride it tramples under foot the very notion of that grace which has made it what it is. Continuance is effected by the same disposition whereby grace was appropriated at the first, humble faith. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". ἴδε only here w. accus. To those Jews who have fallen, Christ said: "the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you" (Matthew 21:43). On them which fell, severity - On the Jews, who had been rejected because of their unbelief. But this is hardly probable: θεοῦ is much more likely to have been erased as unnecessary), if thou abide by (reff.) So c do not become proud, but d fear. N. the absence of articles. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. If they became disobedient and unbelieving, then the same principle which led him to withdraw his mercy from the Jewish people would lead also to their rejection and exclusion. "if thou continue in his goodness"-how does one "continue" in God"s goodness? Scripture Romans 12 Sort Bible Verse. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Should judgment come on what is termed Christendom for its failure to abide in God’s goodness, the cutting off will be final; no promise remains as in the case of the Jewish nation; see next verse. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/romans-11.html. Their response determines whether God will spare them ( Romans 11:21) or cut them off ( Romans 11:22). "Commentary on Romans 11:22". But as regards election, they are beloved for the sake of their forefathers. As the eloquent words of Trench have it: Severity of God ... is another of the divine attributes, but the minds of men are reluctant to dwell upon it. Romans 9 says: God’s word stands in spite of lost Israelites because the promise did not apply to every Israelite. Their response determines whether God will spare them (, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. Okay Meets His Maker (Romans 2:1-16) God Plays No Favorites (Romans 3:27-31) Where Grace and Wrath Meet: What the Cross Meant to God (Romans 3:24-26) The Only Way to Be Right With God (Romans 3:21-26) The Man in the Mirror (Romans 3:9-20) Where Grace and Wrath Meet (Romans 3:24-26) I Object! Jesus' righteousness, imputed by God to believers, is the sole ground of their acceptance before God. Some think the cause is here put for the effect, the goodness of God for faith, which was wrought in them by the goodness or grace of God. To add to this that God has infallibly secured either one or the other, is to mar the apostle’s doctrine, destroy the freedom of man, and the moral government of God. A second reason is taken from the free grace and undeserved goodness of God to the poor Gentiles, who were mercifully planted or grafted in the room of the Jews. The words import the same, as though he had said, — “If thou exultest over their calamity, think first what thou hast been; for the same severity of God would have impended over thee, hadst thou not been delivered by his gratuitous favor: then consider what thou art even now; for salvation shall not continue to thee, except thou humbly recognisest the mercy of God; for if thou forgettest thyself and arrogantly exultest, the ruin, into which they have fallen, awaits thee: it is not indeed enough for thee to have once embraced the favor of God, except thou followest his call through the whole course of thy life.” They indeed who have been illuminated by the Lord ought always to think of perseverance; for they continue not in the goodness of God, who having for a time responded to the call of God, do at length begin to loathe the kingdom of heaven, and thus by their ingratitude justly deserve to be blinded again. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-11.html. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". The future passive ἐκκοπήσῃ, thou shalt be cut off, abruptly closes the sentence, like the stroke of the axe cutting down this proud branch. Here it signifies the kindness of God in bestowing these favors on the Gentiles.If thou continue in his goodness - The word “his” is not in the original. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/romans-11.html. ἀποτομία: here only in N.T. and, oh, the obstinace and misery of this hard hearted people! BibliographyVincent, Marvin R. DD. The goodness referred to is God's sovereign goodness in admitting to a covenant-standing those who before were "strangers to the covenants of promise" (Ephesians 2:12-20). John Piper Feb 15, 2004 43 Shares Sermon. [Romans 3:21-28, 4:3-11, 5:1,12-19, 8:3,4, 10:4, Galatians 2:16, 3:24, 1 Corinthians 1:30, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Philippians 3:8,9, Titus 3:5-7] Follow Desiring God on Facebook. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Behold then the kindness and severity of God; to those who fell, severity, but to you, God's kindness, if you continue in His kindness; otherwise you also will be cut off. No rush. 1700-1703. This was the practice in the Roman agriculture, as we learn from Virgil, Georg. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/romans-11.html. The reader will observe that this term belongs to engrafting: often, in this operation, a part of a branch is cut off; in that part which remains in connection with the tree a little slit is made, and then a small twig or branch taken from another tree is, at its lower end, shaved thin, wedge-like, and then inserted in the cleft, after which the whole is tied together, clayed round, etc., and the bark unites to bark; and the stock and the scion become thus one tree, the juices of the whole stock circulating through the tubes of the newly-inserted twig; and thus both live, though the branch inserted bears a very different fruit from that which the parent stock bore. Scripture: Romans 11:17–22. The continuance of these favors depends on the conduct of each successive generation. Here it refers to the act of God in cutting off or rejecting the Jews as useless branches; and conveys no idea of injustice, cruelty, or harshness. New Living Translation (NLT), Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the, NLT Thinline Reference Bible, Filament Enabled Edition--soft leather-look, pink, NLT Reflections: The Bible for Journaling, Brown Leatherlike, NLT Girls Life Application Study Bible--soft leather-look, teal/pink with flowers, NLT Holy Bible, Giant Print, Black Imitation Leather, NLT Large-Print Life Application Study Bible, Third Edition--genuine leather, brown (indexed). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsc/romans-11.html. Here it signifies the kindness of God in bestowing these favors on the Gentiles. The positions are reversible. 25 As indeed he says in Hosea, Let none imagine, then, that He will spare them if guilty, because they have the name of being His people. 1840-57. If thou continue, etc. Moreover the warning is addressed to the Gentiles as individualized, not to an individual Gentile. The readers have just been contemplating two examples, the one of severity, the other of grace; the first, in the person of the Jews; the second, in their own. The positions are reversible. WORKING THROUGH THE TEXT: ROMANS 8 Life in the Spirit (Romans 8:1-17, continued from 7:6 and 7:14-25) Paul begins with a statement (v. 1), which he explains (v. 2) and expands (v. 3) before going on to God’s purpose (vv. New York, USA. Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity - in rejecting the chosen seed [ apotomia (Greek #663) appears to be the true reading, not - apotomian (Greek #663)]. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". The goodness and the severity of God (χρηστοτητα και αποτομιαν τεου — chrēstotēta kai apotomian theou). not τῇ πίστει to emphasise this absence of all merit and the need of dependence on GOD’s grace exclusively; the thought of πίστει is included in ἐπιμένῃς. When even an angel sins, God will not ignore it. All things are from Him, through Him, and to Him (Romans 11:36). Bibliography"Commentary on Romans 11:22". The evidence that we are the true objects of the goodness of God here mentioned, is, that we continue in it, by continuing in the faith of the Gospel. 22.See then, etc. But this is inconsistent with the context. The word “thou” refers here to the Gentile churches. The word is a strong one, as if the branch were taken off with a sudden stroke of the axe. And on this principle, God has acted in numberless cases. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". is frequent among the Jewish writers, when they wish to call the attention of men to particular displays of God's mercy, especially towards those who are singularly unworthy. If this reading be adopted, ἐστίν must be supplied. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/romans-11.html. We too should recognise the goodness and severity of God. They saw in the Jews an example of God’s severity, which ought to have terrified them; while in themselves they had an evidence of his grace and goodness, by which they ought to have been stimulated to thankfulness only, and to exalt the Lord and not themselves. Follow Desiring God on Facebook. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.BibliographyBarnes, Albert. But nothing of this kind is conveyed in the original word here. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. 1896. C. Often withdrawn from members, or their relatives argue that God is a lot more merciful than the local congregation. Paul therefore says to the Gentile, that he must continue in the divine favor, "otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.". 1874-1909. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/romans-11.html. 1865-1868. 1685. "Commentary on Romans 11:22". We now understand in what sense Paul threatens them with excision, whom he has already allowed to have been grafted into the hope of life through God’s election. Otherwise you also will be cut off. the last word being implied, not expressed. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/romans-11.html. "Family Bible New Testament". It was a just act, and consistent with all the perfections of God. Includunt, udoque docent inolescere libro. The word “severity” now suggests sometimes the idea of harshness, or even of cruelty. The Expositor's Greek Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/romans-11.html. Lastly, He shows the probability as well as the possibility of the Jews' conversion; namely, because God had done that which was more unlikely already, to wit, in graffing the Gentiles, who were wild olives, into the true olive, which was more difficult and unlikely than to graff in the Jews again, which were natural branches. 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