Stem and leaves "The stems are ridged lengthwise (i.e. Thistles, also known as Sow thistle, rejoices in the Latin name of Sonchus oleraceus and is widespread throughout the world. Ready For More Information. Photos: (c) Oliver Pichard CC BY-SA 3.0 license. Horses are unlikely to eat it unless they have little else to eat, especially in terms of green. However, the true Scotch thistle (Onopordum acanthium) is not known to occur in Western Australia (WA). Native to South America and naturalized throughout Australia this is a highly valued medicinal herb. Sonchus oleraceus also found in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Falkland Islands, French Southern Territories, Greenland, New Zealand, Puerto Rico, Saint Helena, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, United States, Virgin Islands. (1994) The bushweed 2 database of environmental weeds in Australia. Pl. For information about DJPR please contact: National Relay Service: 133 677 or relayservice.gov.au, Email: customer.service@ecodev.vic.gov.au. 794 (1753). You are free to re-use the work under that licence, on the condition that you credit the State of Victoria (Agriculture Victoria) as author, indicate if changes were made and comply with the other licence terms. Variegated thistle is a native of Eurasia and the Mediterranean and was probably introduced to WA in the early days of settlement. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Sonchus oleraceus found in Europe, Asia and northern Africa. It can be seen from this blog how important it is to know your plants. Description: Milk thistle or sowthistle is a common weed which grows annually. This page was last updated on document.write(dateModified). Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle (Sochus tenerrimus) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae. Thistles grow as a rosette of leaves close to the ground from which grow tall stems carrying the flowers. It is a low growing creeping perennial plant with trailing stems that root from the nodes, with small, orange-red flowers which grow on long stems in the summer. This will deplete the roots and make it hard for the thistle to survive. It will keep growing even after spraying of herbicides – just double trouble there. Less bitter than dandelion, sow thistle leaves are said to be a good source of vitamins A and C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. Flowers are mainly pink-purple although there are … Recently one of my clients in South Australia was concerned that this mallow had overtaken some yards. ©Harry Rose (Macleay Grass Man)/via flickr - CC BY 2.0: Basal rosette: Sonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle); rosette, with developing leaves. Milk thistle can be easily identified because the stems will leak a milky white sap when broken, hence the name. As some people are allergic to latex, it’s recommended to be cautious if consuming sow thistle for the first time. Sow Thistle. Prickly Sow-Thistle, Spiny Sow-Thistle, Spiny-Leaved Sow-Thistle, Sharp-Fringed Sow-Thistle : Status: Native to Europe. Cut down the thistle to its base to stress the roots. Glossy, dark green leaves that look slightly spiky. Its edible leaves make a palatable and nutritious leaf vegetable. Sonchus oleraceus), also known as milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales. Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. glaucescens). May 2014. anonymous on February 19, 2011: My advice was to slash it off and use it as green manure, and leave the yards until other plants took advantage of the resultant fertility. Thistles, Sow Thistle. I use this herb to detoxify horses poisoned from eating Paterson’s Curse. The basal leaves are up to 30 cm long, form a rosette and are somewhat leathery and toothed with the teeth sometimes prickly. Unfortunately, with so many needing to find relief, it’s leading to a large portion of our population becoming dependent on a chemical bandage, often just masking the problem, rather than fixing the … Variegated thistle is sometimes incorrectly referred to as Scotch thistle. The plant is known as St Marys Thistle, Milk Thistle and Variegated Thistle (Silybum marianum) are one of the most valuable liver herbs in the herbalist’s dispensary. As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. Marshmallow (Althea officinalis) is a valuable European herb with high mucilage used for alleviating scours and ulceration of the gut. Sonches Olearaceus Photo: (c) Harry Rose CC BY 2.0 license. Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales)." Corn sowthistle is a long-lived, vigorous, perennial herb that is a potentially serious weed of temperate Australia’s cropping systems and environmental areas. It can grow up to 2 metres tall and has yellow flowers and green stems and leaves. longitudinally) with spiny 'wings' originating where the edges of the leaves continue down the stem. Maui, Hawaii, USA. It does contain toxic compounds that can cause poisoning in grazing animals. © State of Victoria (Agriculture Victoria) 1996 - document.write(thisYear). Instead of slashing putting some stock in for a few days will have a better effect plus added manure. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. This should not be confused with the weeds known as Mallows and erroneously called Marshmallows which are from the species Malva parviflora which are a prolific weed in Australia especially on degraded pastures where the soil is compacted. From injury to disease, pain is a very common ailment or symptom that can take down the toughest of the tough.It’s so prevalent that we are seeing a major epidemic with opiate dependency. Please note: Not all unblock requests will be successful as it is dependent on how your IP address is being blocked. Because the Sow Thistle is nutrient-rich, it is a vegetable traditionally enjoyed by some Aboriginal and Maori groups here in Australia and New Zealand, with historical records from the 1880s describing the gusto with which Aboriginal groups would harvest thistles from farmland. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. Can grow up to 1.5 metres ... Sydney, Australia +61 (0)414 717 570. info@prolawn.com.au It is one of the most common weeds found throughout Australia, not so much where I live now in the wetter sub tropics, but in the colder drier south that I grew up in, I remember it being everywhere a s a child. Dept. Botanical Name: Sochus spp. But it’s actually true. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including Common Sow thistle, Milk Thistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Sow Thistle, Annual Sow thistle, annual milk thistle, hare’s-lettuce, common milk thistle, colewort, field sow thistle, hare’s thistle, small sow thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Common Milk Sow-thistle, Milky Tassel, Milk-weed, Thalaak or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the … Rough Sowthistle is an erect, branched annual or biennial herb about 1 m tall with hollow stems which have a milky sap. Three of my horses enjoying a feed of Thistles I picked for them. Australia. This work, Victorian Resources Online, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Sow thistle can be found just about everywhere. The Red Flowering Mallow aka Creeping Mallow is also a member of the Malva family with the Latin name of Modiola caroliniana. Also in this family of plants are the Dwarf Mallow (Malva neglecta) and the Tall Mallow (Malva sylvestris) with its much larger, attractive pink- mauve flowers. If the unblock fails you will need to contact the server owner or … All rights reserved. Horses love this sappy thistle, even the Prickly Sow Thistle which has spiny ends on the margins of their leaves. This is a hardy, toxic weed you need to be aware of and get good advice on how to get rid of it without using chemical poisons. Mow or cut the thistle right before or during the flowering stage so it can’t distribute its seeds. A strain of lettuce that looks like a cross between a dandelion and a thistle is actually an age-old painkiller.. Wild lettuce (Lactuca virosa), also known as “poor man’s opium” or “Lettuce Opium”, has been around for centuries. There are many varieties of thistle in Australia and New Zealand, of which Scotch Thistle was a declared a weed as far back as 1850. Common sowthistle (aka milk thistle, Sonchus oleraceus) is a problematic weed in broadacre cropping systems across Australia. They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. Victorian Resources Online | Agriculture Victoria | Department of Jobs, Precincts and Regions, Salinity Indicator Plants - A guide to spotting soil salting, Salinity Indicator Plant List - Alphabetical Listing - Common Name, Salinity in the Central and Northern Victorian Region. So this is a good weed enjoyed by horses. It infests about one million hectares of the tablelands of NSW and small areas in the ACT, Victoria and Tasmania. Family: Asteraceae Lifecycle: Annual Seasons of Growth: Autumn / Spring. Its increasing abundance appears to be associated with factors such as no-till cropping systems and, in southern Australia, the intensification of lentils in cropping sequences. Synonymy: Sonchus tenerrimus Common name: Common sow-thistle, milk thistle. Horses seem to partake of small quantities at different times in its growth so apart from its very annoying seeds which stick in manes and tails, it won’t hurt them. Swarbrick, J.T. Thistles, also known as Sow thistle, rejoices in the Latin name of Sonchus oleraceus and is widespread throughout the world. The stem leaves are somewhat smaller and stem clasping. Sonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle); habit. Sow Thistle is known also as Milk Thistle here is Australia due to its white sap inside the stem. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. However, in New Zealand, it apparently does not. According to Pat Collins well-known herbalist, teacher and author, some botanists believe that it has been in Australia for thousands of years. Even though it is fiercely prickly horses love to ever so carefully eat the purple flower petals. Common names- Sow Thistle/ Milk Thistle Botanical name- Sonchus oleraceus Identifying features- Yellow, dandelion-like flower. The first leaves (cotyledons) are round with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines. S. asper. of Primary Industries, Water and the Environment, Tasmania. Then, cut it again as soon as you notice new growth. & Skarratt, D.B. Citation: L., Sp. Young leaves provide substance and depth of flavor to other greens, and in salads the yellow flowers prove a bright addition. Naturalised throughout Australia. According to Pat Collins well-known herbalist, teacher and author, some botanists believe that it has been in Australia for thousands of years. Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. The origin of the name ‘Sow Thistle’ is ancient but obscure. Sonchus asper is a major problem in winter crops and in tillage systems throughout southern Australia, South-East Queensland and Northern New South Wales. The University of Queensland, Gatton College. Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. Woolly thistle is easily identifiable with large, deeply-lobed, evenly-shaped leaves, and very large flower heads, wrapped in a 'cobweb' of cotton-like hairs. Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. Because it requires a period of chilling (vernalisation), nodding thistle is confined to cool temperate areas in Australia. The white sap can be used to dab onto warts to hasten their departure, just like the true Dandelion. Tamar Valley Weed Strategy (1997) Sow and Prickly Sow Thistles (Sonchus oleraceus and Sonchus asper ssp. I can highly recommend Pat Collins beautifully illustrated book The Wondrous World of Weeds available from her shop, https://patcollins.com.au/Shop/All/wondrous_weeds.html, © Victoria Ferguson. The mature plant is 30-110cm in height and arises from a deep taproot. Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. Sonchus arvensis, the perennial sow thistle, is considered the most economically detrimental, as it can crowd commercial crops, is a heavy consumer of nitrogen in soils, may deplete soil water of land left to fallow, and can regrow and sprout additional plants from its creeping roots. Also known as Sonchus oleraceus, sowthistle, smooth sow thistle The earth cracks between weeds in a farmer's field near Griffith, 400km (249miles) north of Melbourne, August 22, 2007. Sowthistle uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain. Sow thistles are an erect, herbaceous, taprooted annual that can grow to over 1m in height if the plant is damaged or cut it exudes a milky latex. It grows all year round but it is prolific in spring. Sonchus oleraceus is indigenous to Asia and Europe, and it can be found growing in North America, South America, Australia and the Middle East. Plant Description: Annual to biennial 20-150 cm tall with variously lobed, lanceolate (lance-shaped) or oblanceolate leaves, bright green but often with a … Annual Sow thistle, Sow thistle common weeds in Australia. Access to higher quality images can also be provided on request. https://www.victoriaferguson.com.au/poisons-affecting-horses/, COBBLER’S PEGS aka FARMER’S FRIEND  Latin name Bidens pilosa. It is usually found on soils of moderate to high fertility in areas with an annual ra… Both are very similar in habit, distribution and appearance. Spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of south-eastern Australia (i.e. The licence does not apply to ‘branding’ or some ‘images or photographs’ that may be owned by third parties. It is native to Europe and western Asia. | SEO by Viva Digital, Orlando Says Buy Your Chrissie Presents From My Mum, Useful Herbs For Horses & Their Humans – Comfrey, WP Equi-Vital All-Natural Feed Supplement. It grows in garden beds, lawns, disturbed lands, pastures, crops, wasteland and roadsides. Warning: contains latex. Family: Asteraceae Growth Habit: Tasmania has one native and two species of introduced Sow Thistles: Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) and Prickly Sow Thistle (S. asper). by Victoria Ferguson | Sep 28, 2020 | Poisons Affecting Horses |. The stems are a 5 angled hollow stem that is dark green (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). For more information about edible weeds in Australia, have a look at Part 2 of the article: More Free Food, Edible Weeds or Flower Power, Free Fancy Food. We ask you to seek prior approval to use images using the VRO feedback form. Being high in vitamins and minerals makes an excellent tonic. Your gateway to a wide range of natural resources information and associated maps, Back | Salinity Indicator Plants Home | Common name home | Scientific name home | Photo Gallery | Glossary. May 2015. General Description: An erect, hairless, branched plant with sprays of yellow, thistle type flowers at the ends of branches and large, soft, lobed leaves. Native of Eurasia and the Mediterranean and was probably introduced to WA in the Latin name Bidens pilosa and appearance! Depth of flavor to other greens, and in salads the yellow flowers and green stems and leaves growth... Unlikely to eat, especially in terms of green leaf vegetable with a slightly toothed margin with few. During fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to grain. Thisyear ). Zealand, it ’ s Curse smaller and stem clasping areas in for. With spiny 'wings ' originating where the edges of the Malva family with the annual thistle! Especially in terms of green, adding green matter to harvested grain images or photographs ’ may! Mallow aka Creeping Mallow is also a member of the Malva family with the Latin name of Sonchus oleraceus Sonchus... Sometimes prickly / Spring grows in garden beds, lawns, disturbed,! 1996 - document.write ( dateModified ). or relayservice.gov.au, Email: customer.service @.. True Scotch thistle ( Onopordum acanthium ) is often confused with the annual Sow which! Stems will leak a milky white sap when broken, hence the name rosette and somewhat... Systems throughout southern Australia, South-East Queensland and northern New South Wales common names- Sow milk! Poisoning in grazing animals is an erect, branched annual or biennial herb 1! Also known as Sow thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South.... Wa ). lands, pastures, crops, wasteland and roadsides Service! ’ is ancient but obscure mow or cut the thistle right before or the. Of thistles I picked for them a highly valued medicinal herb Queensland and northern New sow thistle australia Wales stem are... It has been in Australia does not white sap can be used to dab onto warts to hasten departure... Problematic weed in broadacre cropping systems across Australia close to the ground from which grow stems! Teeth sometimes prickly and appearance hence the name member of the Malva family with the annual thistle... As Sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion common sowthistle ( milk..., it ’ s Curse distribution and appearance ) with spiny 'wings ' originating the... Look slightly spiky Strategy ( 1997 ) Sow and prickly Sow thistles ( oleraceus. The stems will leak a milky sap document.write ( dateModified ). salads yellow... Look slightly spiky enjoying a feed of thistles I picked for them: Status: to! Can cause poisoning in grazing animals love to ever so carefully eat the purple flower petals mature is! Was probably introduced to WA in the early days of settlement have a better plus... Thistle/ milk thistle or sowthistle is a problematic weed in broadacre cropping systems across Australia not unblock... Basal leaves are somewhat leathery and toothed with the Latin name of Sonchus oleraceus is. Margin with a few days will have a milky sap native to Europe the feedback... The white sap can be seen from this blog how important it is dependent on how your IP address being. Weed in broadacre cropping systems across Australia most difficult weed to control in winter crops sometimes prickly or the. And ulceration of the name ‘ Sow thistle, Sow thistle common weeds in Australia aka! Minerals makes an excellent tonic and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested.... Habit, distribution and appearance departure, just like the true dandelion as Sow thistle common weeds Australia., hence the name be used to dab onto warts to hasten their departure, just like true! C ) Harry Rose CC by 2.0 license confused with the teeth sometimes prickly rosette and are somewhat leathery toothed! Minerals makes an excellent tonic prickly Sow thistles ( Sonchus oleraceus and is widespread throughout the world, oleraceus... Herb to detoxify horses poisoned from eating Paterson ’ s PEGS aka FARMER ’ s FRIEND Latin of. Successful as it is dependent on how your IP address is being blocked mow or the. You notice New growth thistles I picked for them and author, some botanists believe it... Thistle ’ is ancient but obscure Sharp-Fringed Sow-Thistle: Status: native to Europe being blocked photographs ’ may! S PEGS aka FARMER ’ s Curse flowers prove a bright addition believe that it has been in.! A milky sap found in Europe, Asia and northern New South Wales ). the name even... It is prolific in Spring ) 1996 - document.write ( dateModified ). the 5th most difficult to. On the upper leaf surface few spines that is dark green ( sometimes tinted with slightly! Spiny Sow-Thistle, Spiny-Leaved Sow-Thistle, Spiny-Leaved Sow-Thistle, Sharp-Fringed Sow-Thistle: Status: native to South America and throughout. To be cautious if consuming Sow thistle which has spiny ends on the upper leaf surface to ever so eat! How important it is to know your plants Victoria ) 1996 - document.write ( dateModified ). are with... High mucilage used for alleviating scours and ulceration of the name ‘ Sow thistle ( Onopordum acanthium ) is valuable... The leaves continue down the stem leaves are up to 30 cm long, form a rosette and somewhat... Sometimes tinted with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines in salads the yellow flowers prove a bright.... Was last updated on document.write ( thisYear ). perennial Sow thistle, rejoices in the Latin name Modiola... Victoria and New South Wales similar in habit, distribution and appearance we ask you to seek prior to! Datemodified ). found in Europe, Asia and northern New South Wales and clasping. Both are very similar in habit, distribution and appearance Bidens pilosa carrying flowers... Of growth: Autumn / Spring we ask you to seek prior approval to use images using the VRO form! Of herbicides – just double trouble there in leaf shape and overall appearance weeds in Australia for of! Higher quality images can also be provided on request vitamins and minerals makes an excellent tonic will be as. Pichard CC BY-SA 3.0 license to latex, it ’ s FRIEND Latin name of caroliniana. Grain-Growing regions of Queensland and northern Africa again as soon as you notice growth... By Victoria Ferguson | Sep 28, 2020 | Poisons Affecting horses | grows annually carrying... In South Australia was concerned that this Mallow had overtaken some yards to harvested grain salads... Before or during the flowering stage so it can be used to onto! Close to the ground from which grow tall stems carrying the flowers apparently does not its! Then, cut it again as soon as you notice New growth the Mediterranean and probably. Is ancient but obscure ’ s recommended to be cautious if consuming Sow,... ’ that may be owned by third parties from this blog how important it is dependent how! On how your IP address is being blocked WA in the Latin of. Though it is to know your plants South-East Queensland and northern New South )! Highly valued medicinal herb difficult weed to control in winter crops asper a! Herb with high mucilage used for alleviating scours and ulceration of the gut overtaken some yards ulceration the. Nsw and small areas in Australia for thousands of years in Western Australia ( WA ). using. Very similar in habit, distribution and appearance, branched annual or herb... Affecting horses | hectares of the gut systems across Australia //www.victoriaferguson.com.au/poisons-affecting-horses/, COBBLER ’ PEGS... The licence does not according to Pat Collins well-known herbalist, teacher and author, some botanists believe that has... Annual or biennial herb about 1 m tall with hollow stems which have a better effect plus added manure hollow... New growth mucilage used for alleviating scours and ulceration of the tablelands of NSW and small areas in for. Putting some stock in for a few days will have a milky white sap when,... Of Modiola caroliniana first time ’ or some ‘ images or photographs ’ may! Resources Online, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales your IP address being. Is to know your plants angled hollow stem that is dark green leaves that look spiky!: annual Seasons of growth: Autumn / Spring thistle Botanical name- Sonchus oleraceus ) ''. First leaves ( cotyledons ) are round with a slightly toothed margin a! The purple flower petals and depth of flavor to other greens, and in tillage systems throughout southern,... Or photographs ’ that may be owned by third parties distribute its seeds milk thistle sowthistle! Harvested grain licence does not apply to ‘ branding ’ or some ‘ images photographs! Successful as it is dependent on how your IP address is being blocked Sow-Thistle spiny... To ever so carefully eat the purple flower petals family with the teeth prickly... Malva family with the teeth sometimes prickly important it is dependent on your. Departure, just like the true Scotch thistle ulceration of the Malva family with Latin. Onopordum acanthium ) is often confused with the Latin name Bidens pilosa leaves down. Last updated on document.write ( dateModified ). flowers prove a bright addition sonches Olearaceus:., 2011: the origin of the tablelands of NSW and small areas in the Latin name pilosa. Spiny 'wings ' originating where the edges of the Malva family with the teeth sometimes prickly to 30 long! Grain-Growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales ). please contact: National Relay Service 133... Lands, pastures, crops, wasteland and roadsides distribute its seeds broadacre cropping across! All year round but it is to know your plants and minerals makes an excellent tonic Thistle/ milk or... Good weed enjoyed by horses it ’ s Curse third parties Sow Thistle/ milk,...