It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. Early estimates pegged the number of missing laws at 34, however the exact number is still not determined and only 30 have been discovered so far. King", "8 Things You May Not Know About Hammurabi's Code", The Laws of Hammurapi, Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative, The Code of Hammurabi Translated by L. W. 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The Code of Hammurabi is a 7-foot-tall piece of basalt with more than 300 laws engraved on it. The code itself tells archeologists a lot about the lives of the people of Babylon. Barton, a scientist of Semitic languages at the University of Pennsylvania from 1922 to 1931, stated that while there are similarities between the Mosaic Law and the Code of Hammurabi, a study of the entirety of both laws "convinces the student that the laws of the Old Testament are in no essential way dependent upon the Babylonian laws." Check out the article below to know about the origin story, summary and significance of the Code of Hammurabi. The stele of Hammurabi reveals that the death sentence was the most likely outcome if a person engaged in any one of about 28 crimes. Owing to its chemical properties, diorite does not easily lend itself to carving. no- punishment was based on class. The Code of Hammurabi had the same punishment for every crime. Required fields are marked *. A slip of the knife can lead to alarming penalties - though much reduced if the patient is a slave. LAW # 6. Hammurabi’s code, a fine example of the “an eye for an eye” mentality of justice, was established in order to please the gods he worshipped. Translated by L.W. [14] Earlier collections of laws include the Code of Ur-Nammu, king of Ur (c.  2050 BC), the Laws of Eshnunna (c. 1930 BC) and the codex of Lipit-Ishtar of Isin (c. 1870 BC), while later ones include the Hittite laws, the Assyrian laws, and Mosaic Law. However, its copying in subsequent generations indicates that it was used as a model of legal and judicial reasoning. Hammurabi’s Code Primary Source Analysis teaches students about the culture of Babylon and it’s law code justice system through primary source document analysis. For example, a member from the upper class was required to pay 10 shekels (the silver coin used in ancient Babylon) to a doctor for the healing of a bad wound. 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